Potsdam forms part of the Berlin / Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, and is only 24 km from the centre of Berlin. It is the capital of the German state of Brandenburg, and is found on the Havel River. The name is derived from “Potztupimi” from the West Slavonic language (of the Czech area) which means “beneath the oaks” as there are numerous old oak trees here. The city of Potsdam is set among unique cultural attractions and many lakes. Some of Germany’s most beautiful castles, buildings and gardens are also located here!
Until the early 20th Century, Potsdam was the residence for German Kaisers and Prussian Kings. Hire a car in Potsdam and visit the largest UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country, Sanssouci, which was previously used by King Frederick of Prussia as his summer retreat. This was built in the middle of the 18th Century and was a favourite residence for German royalty till 1918. The terraced gardens and the surrounding park offer horticultural and manmade delights. These include fountains, follies, statues, obelisks, nurseries and greenhouses. The stunning palace architecture and its amazing grounds have often been called a smaller version of the French Versailles. Little wonder that more than 2 million visitors come here annually.
During the Second World War, Potsdam suffered a great deal of damage, and many historic buildings were demolished. Historically, the city is well-known for the Potsdam Conference which was the post-war meeting of the heads of state from the United States, the Soviet Union and Great Britain. From 17 July to 2 August 1945, it was here at the Schloss Cecilienhof that the participants made the agreement on how to deal with the defeated Third Reich. The Potsdam Declaration was also released on Jul 26, 1945 which defined the terms of surrender for Japan in the Asia-Pacific theatre. Met with the rejection of the ultimatum, American President Harry S. Truman made the decision to use the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th and 9th August.
As part of East Germany, but separated from West Berlin by the Berlin Wall before the reunification of the country, the Glienicke Bridge was the gateway to West Berlin and was the site for spy exchanges during the Cold War.Today, Potsdam is known for an education and research hub. Tourism has flourished here as there are still many landmarks and attractions drawing visitors here. These include the Old Market Square, Potsdam’s Brandenburg Gate, the Roman Baths, the Babelsberg Park and many more. Car rental in Potsdam will enable you to see more.
17 June 2019
19°C / 25°C
18 June 2019
20°C / 28°C
19 June 2019
19°C / 30°C
20 June 2019
20°C / 29°C